Aretino, Pietro

(1492-1556)
   Poet and satirist from the region of Arezzo who spent his formative years in Perugia, where he wrote his earliest poems. In 1517, Aretino went to Rome where he worked for Agostino Chigi, the wealthy banker and patron of Raphael, becoming a part of the Chigi-Pope Leo X circle. After Leo's death, Cardinal Giulio de' Medici, the pope's cousin, was Aretino's main patron. For the cardinal, he wrote scurrilous pieces on his competitors. When in 1522 Hadrian VI was elected to the throne instead of Cardinal Giulio, Aretino saw the wisdom to seek patrons outside of Rome. He moved to Mantua, where he worked for Federigo Gonzaga. Once Giulio attained the throne as Clement VII (1523), Aretino returned to Rome, yet soon death threats prompted by the sonnets he had written to accompany Giulio Romano's banned engravings of sexual positions (I modi) and his insults directed at the influential Bishop Gio-vanni Giberti forced him to leave. After wandering through the north of Italy, he finally settled in Venice in 1527, where he spent the rest of his life. There he became a close friend of Titian, who painted his portrait (1545; Florence, Palazzo Pitti), and Jacopo Sansovino, whom he defended when imprisoned for the collapse of the roof of the Library of St. Mark. Among Aretino's plays are Il Marescalco (published in 1533) and La Talanta (1542), and among his comedies is La Cortigiana (1534), a parody on Baldassare Castiglione's Il Cortegiano. His Raggionamenti (1534) includes a Neoplatonic discussion in a brothel.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Aretino, Pietro — born April 20, 1492, Arezzo, Republic of Florence [Italy] died Oct. 21, 1556, Venice Italian poet, prose writer, and dramatist. He was celebrated throughout Europe in his time for his bold and insolent literary attacks on the powerful. His fiery… …   Universalium

  • ARETINO, Pietro — (1492 1556) One of the more versatile and prolific writers in the Italian vernacular, Pietro Aretino made a significant impact on the literary, political, social, and artistic worlds of sixteenth century Italy. Born in Arezzo, Italy, Aretino came …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Aretino, Pietro — (1492 1556)    Italian writer, born to a poor family in Arezzo but by 1517 settled at Rome, where he found wealthy patrons. A skilled vernacular poet, he first became notorious for his satirical verses or pasquinades, which were sufficiently… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Aretino,Pietro — A·re·ti·no (ăr ə tēʹnō, är ), Pietro. 1492 1556. Italian writer and satirist best known for his literary attacks on his wealthy and powerful contemporaries and for six volumes of letters. * * * …   Universalium

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  • Pietro Aretino — Pietro Aretino, in Titian s first portrait of him Pietro Aretino (20 April 1492 – 21 October 1556) was an Italian author, playwright, poet and satirist who wielded immense influence on contemporary art and politics and invented modern literate… …   Wikipedia

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  • Aretino — aretino, a (del lat. «Aretīnus», de «Aretĭum», Arezzo) adj. y, aplicado a personas, también n. De Arezzo, ciudad de Italia. * * * aretino, na. (Del lat. Aretīnus, de Aretĭum, Arezzo). adj. Natural de Arezzo. U. t. c. s. || 2. Perteneciente o… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aretino — (izg. aretíno), Pietro (1492 1556) DEFINICIJA talijanski pamfletist, pjesnik, satiričar, komediograf; znamenit po neumoljivom i drskom izrugivanju moćnika …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Aretino [2] — Aretīno, Pietro, ital. Schriftsteller, geb. 20. April 1492 zu Arezzo, durch sittenlose Schriften berüchtigt, gest. 21. Okt. 1556 zu Venedig, schrieb 5 Lustspiele (»Cortigiana«, »Talanta« u.a.), die Tragödie »Orazia«; ferner »Ragionamenti« (1535;… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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